The fifth and
final day of Diwali Festival is known by the name of Bhayya Duj
in the Hindi-speaking belt, Bhai Phot in Bengal, Bhav Bij in the Marathi-speaking
communities and in Nepal by the name of Bhai Tika.
the high voltage celebrations of the festival of lights and
fire-crackers, sisters all over India get ready for 'Bhai Dooj' - when
sisters ceremonize their love by putting an auspicious tilak or a
vermilion mark on the forehead of their brothers and perform an aarti of
him by showing him the light of the holy flame as a mark of love and
protection from evil forces. Sisters are lavished with gifts, goodies
and blessings from their brothers.
the legend goes Yamraj, the God of Death visited his sister Yamuna on this
particular day. She put the auspicious tilak on his forehead, garlanded
him and led him with special dishes and both of them together ate the
sweets, talked and enjoyed themselves to their heart's content, while
parting Yamraj gave her a special gift as a token of his love and in
return Yami also gave him a lovely gift which she had made with her own
hands. That day Yamraj announced that anyone who receives tilak from his
sister will never be thrown. That is why this day of Bhayyaduj is also
known by the name of "YAMA-DWITIYA" Since then this day
is being observed as a symbol of love between sisters and brothers. It
became also imperative for the brother to go to his sister's house to
According to one
legend, on this day, Lord Krishna, after slaying the Narakasura demon,
goes to his sister Subhadra who welcomes him the lamp, flowers and
sweets, and puts the holy protective spot on her brother's forehead.
Yet another story behind the origin of Bhai Dooj says that when Mahavir,
the founder of Jainism, attained nirvana, his brother King Nandivardhan
was distressed because he missed him and was comforted by his sister
Sudarshana. Since then, women have been revered during Bhai Dooj.
In today's world when
pressing everyday problems are teaming as under all the tender words of
personal relationships, the celebrating of this day has its own
importance in continuing to maintain the love between brothers and
sisters for it is the day of food-sharing, gift-giving and reaching out
to the inner most depths of the hearts.
Diwali on the whole has
always been the festival with more social than religious connotations.
It is a personal, people-oriented festival when enmities are forgotten,
families and friends meet, enjoy and establish a word of closeness.
As a festival of light
and beauty it encourages artistic expressions through home-decorations
stage-plays, elocution competitions singing and dancing programmes,
making gift items and making delectable sweets thereby discovering new
talents of younger people. As a result innumerable communities with
varying cultures and customs mingle together to make Diwali celebrations
a very happy occasion for all.